What is a community?
- a group of people who live in the same area (such as a city, town or neighborhood).
- a group of people who have the same interests, religions, race, etc.
- a group of people who share common social supports.
What 3 dimensions are included in the definition of community?
- People (community residents).
- Place (both geographic and time dimensions).
- Function (aims and activities of the community) – to meet a wide variety of collective needs.
What is a population?
- A large group.
- A collection of people who share one or more personal or environmental characteristics and reside in a community.
What is an aggregate?
- A group within a population.
What is health?
- A holistic, positive resource for everyday living.
- Includes physical, social, and personal capabilities.
What is traditional health care?
- Focus is on the individual.
What is population-focused health care?
- Emphasis on reducing health inequalities for a defined population or aggregate, as opposed to individual-level care.
- Microscopic, individual.
- Considers individual health concerns & treatments.
- Does not consider sociopolitical, economic, and environmental variables.
- Macroscopic “big picture.”
- Includes primary prevention perspective.
- Considers determinants of health.
What is public health?
- Organized activity of society to promote, protect, improve, and when necessary, restore the health of individuals, specified groups, or the entire population.
- A combination of sciences, skills, and values that function through collective societal activities & involve programs, services, & institutions aimed at protecting & improving the health of all people.
What are the 6 major public health functions?
1. Health Protection
2. Health Promotion
3. Population Health Assessment
4. Public Health Surveillance
5. Injury & Disease Prevention
6. Emergency Preparedness & Response